The revel.Controller is the context for a single request and controls

  • the incoming Request stuff
  • and the Response back, in Html, Json, Xml, File or your own custom.

A Controller is any type that embeds a *revel.Controller as the first field/type.

type MyAppController struct {
type MyOtherController struct {
    OtherStuff string
    MyNo int64
type FailController struct {
    XStuff string
    *revel.Controller // Fail as it should be first    
NOTE: *revel.Controller must be 'embedded' as the first type in a controller struct anonymously.

The revel.Controller is the context for a request and contains the Request and Response data.

Below are the most used components and type/struct definitions to give a taste of Controller, Request, Params and Response.

type Controller struct {
    Name          string          // The controller name, e.g. "Application"
    Type          *ControllerType // A description of the controller type.
    MethodType    *MethodType     // A description of the invoked action type.
    AppController interface{}     // The controller that was instantiated.

    Request  *Request
    Response *Response
    Result   Result

    Flash      Flash                  // User cookie, cleared after 1 request.
    Session    Session                // Session, stored in cookie, signed.
    Params     *Params                // Parameters from URL and form (including multipart).
    Args       map[string]interface{} // Per-request scratch space.
    ViewArgs map[string]interface{} // Args passed to the template.
    Validation *Validation            // Data validation helpers
// The request 
type Request struct {
	In              ServerRequest
	ServerHeader    *RevelHeader
	ContentType     string
	Format          string // "html", "xml", "json", or "txt"
	AcceptLanguages AcceptLanguages
	Locale          string
	WebSocket       ServerWebSocket
	Method          string
	RemoteAddr      string
	Host            string
	// URL request path from the server (built)
	URL             *url.URL
	// DEPRECATED use GetForm()
	Form url.Values
	// DEPRECATED use GetMultipartForm()
	MultipartForm *MultipartForm
// These provide a unified view of the request params.
// Includes:
// - URL query string
// - Form values
// - File uploads
type Params struct {
    Files map[string][]*multipart.FileHeader
type Response struct {
    Status      int
    ContentType string
    Headers     http.Header
    Cookies     []*http.Cookie
    Out http.ResponseWriter
  • As part of handling a HTTP request, Revel instantiates an instance of a revel.Controller.
  • It then sets all of the properties on the embedded revel.Controller.
  • Revel does not share a Controller instance between requests.

Extending the Controller

A Controller is any type that embeds revel.Controller either directly or indirectly. This means controllers may extend other classes, here is an example on how to do that.

  • Note in the MyController the BaseController reference is NOT a pointer
type (
	BaseController struct {
type (
	MyController struct {
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